The Ten Most Traded Food And Beverage Commodities

The Ten Most Traded Food And Beverage Commodities


It’s also a good bet against the U.S. dollar, so when the greenback declines, commodity prices rise. Commodity trading goes back centuries, even before stocks and bonds exchanged hands. It was a very important business, linking different cultures and people together. From spices and silks in the early days to the exchanges where these assets are now traded, are still a popular investment vehicle. Investors can speculate on the price of oil directly by trading in oil derivatives or the USO exchange traded product, which tracks the price of WTI crude.

Imagine if you wanted to diversify among several commodities, which is the financial sound strategy. All these factors make owning physical commodities too cost and time prohibitive. These exchanges allow commodities to be bought and sold similarly to stocks.

This sister fund from Teucrium offers a direct way to invest in this product without trading commodity futures on their own. Some see the precious metal as a store of value in tough times and a hedge against inflation or simply want to play the short-term ups and downs in the gold market. It’s risky if you’re afraid of theft, and it’s costly if you have a substantial amount you need to store in a safe and insure.

A futures exchange is a central marketplace, physical or electronic, where futures contracts and options on futures contracts are traded. Commodities are predominantly traded electronically; however, several U.S. exchanges still use the open outcry method. Commodity trading conducted outside the operation of the exchanges is referred to as the over-the-counter market. The following commodities are presented in the commodity balances demand domain as well as being used in food balance sheets. Derived commodities and/or products are converted back to these commodities.

Here the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries , which sets production quotas for member countries, has historically had a great deal of influence. However, this has waned in recent years as the US, which is not an OPEC member, has increased shale production. Since commodities are traded on exchanges, there are many different factors that affect their prices. In the case of oil, when demand increases—typically in the summer months—the price will increase, but when supply increases, the price drops. Politics, economic uncertainty, and other issues such as weather can also have a big impact on prices.

ETFs trade on a stock exchange and can be purchased and sold in a manner similar to stocks. Oil and gas investors look for specificeconomic indicatorsto help them understand future movements in the petroleum industry. The pair to USL, UNL is a commodity-backed fund that is benchmarked to liquid natural gas instead of crude oil.

Aside from the futures market, commodities can also be traded through stocks. Investors can buy and sell the stocks of companies related to a specific commodity. An investor interested in taking a position in an oil and gas company can purchase its stock. Exchange-traded funds also allow investors to take a position in a commodity without investing directly in futures contracts. Investors can also purchase physical commodities, such as gold or silver.

Non-commodity Marketplaces

Because commodities prices often rise with inflation, this asset class can often serve as a hedge against the decreased buying power of the currency. Many of the futures markets are very liquid and have a high degree of daily range and volatility, making them very tempting markets for intraday traders. Many of the index futures are used by brokerages and portfolio managers to offset risk. Also, since commodities do not typically trade in tandem with equity and bond markets, some commodities can also be used effectively to diversify an investment portfolio. The first are buyers and producers of commodities that use commodity futures contracts for the hedging purposes for which they were originally intended.

Commodity Market Requirements

Corn / maize, with a trade value in excess of $28bn, was the seventh-most traded food commodity in the world. Global corn exports reached 110 million tonnes in 2013, while the annual average price was estimated at $259.4 per tonne. Palm oil, with an estimated trade value exceeding $39bn, was the world’s fourth-biggest traded food commodity in 2013.

Regulating The Internet Giantsthe World’s Most Valuable Resource Is No Longer Oil, But Data

These are frequently organized as mutual funds or exchange-trade products . These are different than traditional mutual funds or exchange-traded funds because you do not own a share of assets itself.

However, they are different in the sense that they are products that come from the earth. Major commodities include cotton, oil, gas, corn, wheat, oranges, gold, and uranium. Basically, they are the raw materials needed by large manufacturing companies in running their businesses. An estimated trade value exceeding $15bn makes coffee the world’s biggest beverage commodity and the tenth-biggest food and beverage commodity by trade volume. The global coffee export volume reached six million tonnes in 2013, while the world annual average coffee price was estimated at $2.58 per kg.

  • Exchange-traded funds also allow investors to take a position in a commodity without investing directly in futures contracts.
  • Aside from the futures market, commodities can also be traded through stocks.
  • Investors can buy and sell the stocks of companies related to a specific commodity.
  • An investor interested in taking a position in an oil and gas company can purchase its stock.


Commodities and differentiated products are both traded in the commodity markets, but they differ in a few ways, as discussed below. Broiler Meat (poultry / chicken), with a trade volume exceeding $23bn, was the eighth-most traded food commodity in 2013. The world export volume of poultry exceeded ten million tonnes in 2013, while the annual average price of ready-to-cook broiler meat stood at $2.02 per kg.

What are your top 5 commodities?

In the world of commodities, greater rewards come with a higher degree of risk. Commodity futures are leveraged instruments; it takes a small amount of margin to control a large amount of a commodity. Therefore, a trader or investor can make a lot of money, but they can also lose a lot. Commodities are risky assets.

Investors hoping to get into the commodity market, there are several different ways to do so. Commodity-hungry investors can consider investing directly in the physical commodity, or indirectly by purchasing shares in commodity companies, mutual funds, or exchange traded funds . Rice, with an estimated trade value of more than $18bn, ranks ninth on the list of the biggest food commodities traded in the world market. The export volume of rice was 40 million tonnes in 2013, while the world annual average price of the commodity during 2013 was estimated at $461 per tonne.

Fish was the world’s single-most traded food commodity with an estimated export value of $130bn in 2013. The estimated global fish export volume during the year marginally increased to 57.8 million tonnes compared to 57.4 million tonnes in 2012. lists the world’s ten most traded food and beverage commodities based on estimated trade value for 2013. Options contracts give the buyer or seller the option to trade oil on a future date. If you choose to buy futures or options directly in oil, you will need to trade them on a commodities exchange.

The settlement of a contract means the delivery of an actual asset or cash. Trading commodities has the potential for significant market volatility. Exchanges standardize the amount and grade of the commodity being traded. It’s used in jewelry, technology, by central banks, and investors, giving rise to its market at different times within the global economy.

Futures contracts are traded on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange and are all standardized. For example, 1 corn futures contract equals 5,000 bushels of corn; 1 coffee contract controls 37,500 pounds of coffee, and 1 gold contract equals 100 troy ounces of gold. Continuing with the corn example from above, you would buy 1 corn futures contract on the CME to protect against rising food prices. If corn prices do rise, your futures contract increases in value; but if corn prices decline, your futures contract decreases in value. At the end of the contract term, you either have to take possession of underlying commodity or take an offsetting position in your futures contract.

Whatever your view, if you’re looking to play trends in natural gas, then UNL is the easiest way to do that in a commodity ETF. Like all commodities, the price of Brent crude is dependent on supply and demand factors. Historically, demand for oil has been correlated with global economic performance.

One of the key takeaways of this piece is that every commodity is different. The factors that affect oil prices, for example, are very different to the factors that affect gold’s price. Buying the tangible commodity is the most cumbersome because you have to figure commodities out where to store it, spoilage , insurance, and liquidity . If you decided to sell your corn, you would have to find a buyer that wanted exactly 2,000 bushels of corn and was willing to pay market prices; pretty difficult to do if you are not a farmer.

Instead, you are buying the right to buy or sell an asset for a limited window of time in the future. Commodities are traded on a futures market, in which suppliers and purchasers of commodities bargain for payment of the goods and a future date on which they will be delivered. Commodity prices typically rise when inflation accelerates, which is why investors often flock to them for their protection during times of increased inflation—particularly unexpected inflation. As the demand for goods and services increases, the price of goods and services rises, and commodities are what’s used to produce those goods and services.

Futures contracts are agreements to deliver a quantity of a commodity at a fixed price and date in the future. Corn is one of the most sought-after agricultural commodities on the planet. Department of Agriculture, domestic corn planting in spring 2020 hit another record at 97 million acres planned — the largest amount since 2012. That’s a sign of tremendous demand for this agricultural commodity, but for many individual investors, there’s no easy way to play trends in this crop directly.

How To Trade Commodities

With gold stocks, investors aren’t just limited to producers, but also to exploration and mining companies. As usual, it’s a good idea for investors to do their homework and see what the operational risks are for each company.

How do I buy commodities?

Commodities are split into two types: hard and soft commodities. Hard commodities are typically natural resources that must be mined or extracted—such as gold, rubber, and oil, whereas soft commodities are agricultural products or livestock—such as corn, wheat, coffee, sugar, soybeans, and pork.